"Conflict and Partnership between Jewish and Greek Civilizations" Fred Astren is Associate Professor of Jewish Studies at SFSU. He received his Ph.D. in Near Eastern Studies from the University of California at Berkeley in 1993, and has taught at the University of California at Davis, San Jose State University, and the University of North Carolina at Wilmington. Areas of research fall under the larger rubrics of minority/sectarian history and sacred history, with special focus on Jewish history under Islam, Jewish-Muslim relations, and the Karaite Jewish sect. The development of Hellenistic culture in the ancient Near East resulted in a cultural amalgam that blended Greek and local cultures. For Jews, the immediate impact of conquest, resistance, and accommodation led to cultural transformations which are emblematic of the Hellenistic encounter in other societies in the eastern Mediterranean and Near East. On result of this cultural transformation was the beginning of an intellectual "intensification" that generated a variety of historical and theological discourses, some of which continue to have meaning within Western culture today.