The experience of the Italian occupation in Greece has been generally neglected by scholars who have dealt with the history of the Second World War and of the Axis-occupied Europe. This talk calls into question the conventional view of Fascist Italy's expansionism as an imperialism with a human face. From this perspective, it discussed the impact of the Italian occupation on the Greek economy and its society, as well as the controversial issue of war crimes, focusing on the military violence exerted by Italian troops towards the civilian population. Dr. Lidia Santarelli was formerly the Hannah Seeger Post-Doctoral Research Fellow in Hellenic Studies at Princeton University. She has completed her PhD in History and Civilization at the European University Institute of Florence (Italy), with a thesis on the Italian occupation of Greece during the Second World War. She taught Modern History at the University La Sapienza of Rome (2002-2005), as well as History of South-Eastern Europe at the University of L'Aquila, Italy (2003-2005). She has extensively published in Italy and abroad on the topics related to her research activity. Her main areas of interest include war, civil war and ethnic conflicts, nation-building and nation state in the Balkans, Fascist culture and ideology, military violence, war crimes, systems of occupation.